Hernia is occurs when an organ or internal tissue pokes through a hole or weakness in your abdominal muscle wall. In most cases, people have no or very few hernia symptoms. Swelling or lump in stomach area or groin.
Hernia causes sudden pain and if it can’t be pushed back in, you should take urgent medical care. It means hernia is tightly pinched where it pokes through the muscle wall (obstruction) and in extreme cases it may cut off the blood supply to the intestines and tissues in abdomen. If hernia is not a serious condition and it will not go away without hernia treatment known as a hernia repair.
A physical exam is usually needed to diagnose hernia. Doctor will check for a bulge in the groin part. Standing and cough can make a hernia more prominent, you’ll likely be asked to stand and cough or strain.
Doctor might order an imaging test, If the diagnosis isn’t readily apparent like an abdominal ultrasound, CT scan or MRI.
If Hernia is small and isn’t bothering you, the doctors recommend watchful waiting. In children, the doctor might will applying manual pressure to reduce the bulge before considering surgery.
Growing and painful hernias usually require surgery to relieve discomfort and prevent serious complications.
Two general types of hernia operations are there, Open hernia repair and Laparoscopic repair.
Hernia repair surgery
It is the world’s most common surgical procedure. Hernia surgery will helps to relieve pain, return the hernia abdominal organs to their correct place and, strengthen the weak muscle area.
A hernia operation usually will take an hour as a day procedure.
It can be done by:
- Open surgery – Under local or general anaesthetic, an incision usually around 2.5 to 3 inches is made to the skin near hernia and the surgeon will push your hernia back into your abdomen. Then the incision will either stitched closed or much more commonly a mesh is placed over the hole and fixed using fine stitches.
- Keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery – Under general anaesthetic, several smaller incisions are made to allow the surgeon to use a less invasive technique using various special instruments including a tiny telescopic camera to repair the hernia. A mesh will then used to strengthen your abdominal wall.
Surgeon will suggest you the appropriate type of surgery based on the location and severity of your hernia.