Hemorrhoids are nothing but varicose (enlarged and swollen) veins around the outside of the anus or in lower rectum. The rectum is the end part of bowel that leads to the anus, the opening at the end of the bowel where fecal matter leaves the body. Everyone has hemorrhoidal tissue that made up of blood vessels, connective tissue, and some muscle. These “cushions” don’t always become enlarged, but later this phenomenon becomes more common called as piles.
Straining to make bowel movement, Lifting heavy things, along with other activities that may cause straining, Experiencing increased pressure during pregnancy and being overweight are the main causes of Hemorrhoids .
- Itching around the anus
- Severe pain
- lumps near the anus
- Blood in the stool
A visual examination of anus is enough to diagnose hemorrhoids. To confirm the diagnosis doctors used to do may do digital rectal exam. It is different examination to check for any abnormalities within the anus. After the test if doctor feel anything abnormal, then they may order an additional test called a sigmoidoscopy.
In sigmoidoscopy doctor using a small camera to diagnose internal hemorrhoid. It is a small fiber-optic camera, called sigmoidoscope, that fits into a small tube and then inserts into the rectum. From this test, doctor will get a clear view of the inside of your rectum so that they can examine the hemorrhoid up close.
Most of the hemorrhoids can be treated at home itself or with simple procedures under the instruction of a doctor. It is completely depending on the type of hemorrhoid and symptoms.
Avoiding constipation is the main reason of hemorrhoids. Better Diet and healthy lifestyle, especially consuming more fiber, will help to reduce hemorrhoid symptoms.
Sclerotherapy is a procedure for hemorrhoids, in this some chemical injected into the hemorrhoid causes scar tissue to form, shrinking the hemorrhoid.
If you have whether a large external hemorrhoid,or an internal or both, or an internal hemorrhoid that’s prolapsed, then a surgical operation is necessary and is called Hemorrhoidectomy.
In a hemorrhoidectomy, the hemorrhoid and surrounding tissue will removed via a small incision, that is usually closed up with stitches afterward.
If hemorrhoids is more paining or bleeding then a surgical removal is better. If hemorrhoids don’t cause any problem then no need for treatments.