Types of bariatric surgery

Why you should know about bariatric surgery for weight loss

You have done every thing in your power to lose weight – you have hit the gym on a regular basis, you have been careful enough to resort to a balanced diet and have taken those “strategically” advertised pills as well. Nothing worked! Sad enough but your failure definitely isn’t the end of the road for you! You can still resort to a weight reduction surgery to get things going for you.

Types of bariatric surgery

What are the different types of bariatric surgery for weight loss?

Bariatric surgery for weight loss is recommended only to obese people – i.e. those having Body Mass Index of 40+. If your BMI is a little above 35 you can still qualify for one of the four types of bariatric surgery but only when you are suffering from diabetes or other such disorders affecting your quality of life or those that are a direct threat to your existence itself.

Reputable weight reduction programs will essentially require you to furnish proof that you are considering this surgical procedure only after you have failed in all your previous attempts at weight loss – i.e. exercise, diet, pills etc. So, in other words, a weight loss surgery is the last option.

Gastric Bypass

Gastric bypass surgery, alternately known as Roux en Y gastric bypass surgery is one of the most common weight loss surgical procedures performed today. The entire treatment might as well take up more than 2 hours but is associated with the fastest and the higest degree of weight loss. If the patient is ready to embrace the recommended lifestyle changes (i.e. start exercising, diet control) then he can expect to lose around 60 to 70 percent of excess weight.

The surgeon severs the upper part of the stomach and surgically staples it with the middle part of the small intestine. The size of the stomach is smaller than ever – as such it can hold a smaller amount of food that it could do before. Plus an amount of food is bypassed as well.

Gastric Sleeve

Gastric Sleeve is another weight reduction surgical procedure where the surgeon severs almost 75% of the stomach leaving you with nothing more than a sleeve. Notably, the weight loss procedure is a bit slower than what’s the case with gastric bypass. Additionally, you can expect to shed around 50% of excess weight (not as high as is the case with gastric bypass).

Both in cases of gastric bypass and gastric sleeve, the patient is likely to gain weight in the long term if he doesn’t exercise on a regular basis.

Lap Band Surgery

A lap band surgery is performed by placing a silicone band around the patient’s stomach. However, it is important to note that the patient might need to visit the surgeon after six months of the surgery or so to get the placement of the band checked. The need for frequent “post-op” visits to the surgeon has kept many away from this surgical procedure.

Duodenal switch with biliopancreatic diversion

The duodenal switch with biliopancreatic diversion is only recommended to those having BMI of 50+. The surgeon, at first, severs 70% of the stomach and then reroutes a substantial portion of the small intestine thereby creating two different pathways and one common channel. Notably, it’s the digestive loop which is shortened.

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