Jaw and Chin Surgery
The Latin word for chin is “mentum,” and an operation that enhances or reduces the chin is called a mentoplasty. Chin enlargement can be accomplished either by inserting an artificial implant or by cutting and advancing the lower jaw. If the jaw surgery includes the teeth, the procedure is considered orthognathic surgery, which is major surgery performed on one or both jaws to improve tooth alignment, correct facial deformities, or simply alter one’s appearance. Orthognathic procedures are considerably more extensive than chin surgery alone and have the potential for more serious complications. Some plastic surgeons perform orthognathic surgery, but in most communities these procedures are performed by oral surgeons. A much less complicated procedure to enhance the chin entails cutting only the lower edge of the jaw and moving it forward. The bone is wired or plated to hold it in its new position. Jaw or chin recession/ reduction is also possible either through an orthognathic operation or by a more limited procedure that removes the bony prominence of the chin.
Chin surgery can be performed alone, but surgeons also suggest this option to some patients seeking rhinoplasty in order to balance the facial profile. In this situation, computer imaging can be useful. General anesthesia is recommended for patients contemplating all
The Cosmetic Medical Care Product Line but the simplest procedures. After surgery the patient can expect swelling and bruising for several weeks. Procedures on bone usually will cause more swelling than will the insertion of an implant. The final effect on the patient’s profile may not be evident for months. Risks include damage to the nerves along the edge of the jaw, which can cause permanent lip and chin numbness; infection; and deformity related to poor positioning.
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