Breast Reduction

What is Breast Reduction ?

Breast reduction (reduction mammaplasty) is an operation in which the breast is reshaped, repositioned, and made smaller. If the proce- dure does not intend to achieve significant volume reduction, it is more appropriately called a mastopexy (see Breast Lift).

Breast reduction surgery is one of the most commonly performed major plastic surgery operations in the “reconstructive” category, meaning that it is often performed for medical rather than cosmetic reasons. Still, some patients cannot obtain insurance approval and proceed on a self-pay basis. Breast reduction scars are located around the nipple-areola complex and in the lower part of the breast. There are many similarities between breast reduction and breast lift opera- tions; the final location of the scars is similar and the major difference between the operations is in the amount of breast tissue and skin that is removed. Liposuction may be added to breast reduction surgery.

Breast reduction surgery usually requires the patient to undergo two to four hours of general anesthesia, and the patient may stay overnight in a hospital or postoperative care facility.

Breast Reduction

Breast Reduction



  1.  Liposuction of the Breast
  2. Wise Pattern Breast Reduction with Inferior Pedicle
  3. Vertical Pattern Breast Reduction with Superior Pedicle
  4. Wise Pattern Superior Pedicle Breast Reduction with Nipple Grafting

Complications of Breast Reduction?

Breast reduction entails a significant amount of surgery on the breast. Minor complications and healing delays are common, although major complications are rare. A patient can expect activity restrictions for six weeks, and her breast shape will be irregular for at least six months. The major risks include nipple numbness, nipple loss, asymmetry, poor qual- ity scars, and less than optimal final breast shape, especially in over- weight patients. Contour irregularities may require a touch-up surgical procedure six to twelve months after the first operation.

The bottom line:

Most breast reduction patients experience sig- nificant relief of their physical symptoms at the price of noticeable scars. In older patients the final breast shape will be mature rather than youthful. Complications, mainly healing delays, after breast re- duction surgery are common, although most are minor and do not require additional surgery.

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